The problem of sentence meaning: the quantum theory approach

Abstract

Maybe one of the most profound methodological problems in modern linguistics is the lack of instruments for modeling language as a dynamic, variable system. Language looks in classic linguistic paradigms a static structure without the ability to evolution. In this paper author outlines the «quantum» approach to language. The quantum theory paradigm is one of the most important methodological results of 20th century and it gives an opportunity for the dynamic view on language. The author applies this paradigm to the sentence denotation structure analysis. There are two basic findings from the present study. First, the sentence denotation structure isn’t homogeneous, some its elements are more important for humans than others. This statement conforms to the E. Rosch’s investigations of human categorization, but, unlike Rosch’s assertions, the structure changes when event context becomes different. Second, the sentence denotation structure isn’t an external in respect of a person characteristic, but this is the result of a person, language and the external world interaction. The most frequent and consequently the most probable interactions cause its base elements. This affirmation fits the quantum theory paradigm.


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