Analogical Episodes are More Likely to be Blended than Superficially Similar Ones

Abstract

The paper contrasts two cases of blending between episodes: blending of episodes that share a lot of elements and their properties (superficially similar episodes) and blending of episodes that are dissimilar at the surface level but share the same structure of relations. Classic theories and models of blending would predict that superficially similar episodes are more likely to be blended since there is a bigger overlap between the feature vectors representing them. In contrast, the AMBR model of analogy-making and memory predicts that analogical episodes are more likely to be blended. The data from the psychological experiment are in favor of the AMBR model: people blend structurally similar episodes much more often than superficially similar ones.


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