Mathematical Cognition and its Cultural Dimension

Abstract

Recent research has uncovered an increasing range of mathematical notions that are accessible to intuition. Numerosity, for instance, may be represented in an analog magnitude code that we even share with non-human species (Feigenson, Dehaene & Spelke, 2004). Similar findings are documented for topological and other geometrical notions (Dehaene et al., 2006). For precise operations, however, these intuitions need to be framed into more elaborate representations, and the way in which they are represented and the emphasis placed on them varies across languages and cultures.


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