Reasoning with differing tasks and response formats

Abstract

This study investigated the role probabilistic and deductive relations play in the reasoning process. It was predicted that when taking an analytic stance to a problem, it would take longer to evaluate inferences when asked how probable it is that the conclusion is true, than when asked whether the conclusion follows or not from the premises. Contrary to this prediction, people responded faster when the response format was continuous. However, there was no effect of argument type with continuous response format, suggesting people did not assess entailment relations in this condition. Options to address the issue further are discussed. Keywords: deductive/inductive reasoning; dual process theories; task effects; response times.


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