Complex Mental Time Travel

Abstract

This article argues that investigating the conceptual structure underlying the use of the pluperfect and the future perfect reveals a new complex type of nested dual mental time travel: mental time travel into posteriority embedded into mental time travel into “anteriority in the past” (underlying the pluperfect) versus mental time travel into posteriority embedded into mental time travel into “anteriority in the future” (underlying the future perfect). Additionally this article also offers the following novel notions for temporal cognition: a mental time line where past/anteriority and future/posteriority have become nondispersible; dual temporal direct viewings at the present moment; and looking into the future from the past (rather than the more typical looking into the future from the present moment). Implications for cognitive modeling are discussed.


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