Representation and Criterion Differences between Men and Women in Semantic Categorization

Abstract

Gender differences are not widely studied in the categorization literature and the studies that did focus on gender differences generally investigated processing differences or differences in the use of particular categorization answers (absolute versus continuous). In the following study we looked at differences in the likelihood that men or women consider an item to be part of a category. The objective of the study was twofold: we wanted to introduce a model that is able to determine whether there are meaningful differences in categorization between groups and that is able to identify the sources of these differences. Secondly with this model we wanted to show that there were meaningful categorization differences between men and women: these differences are located at the level of the representation and/or the criterion.


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