Re-Categorization: Restructuring In Categorization

Abstract

The process of overriding prior experience and learning restructuring was examined within a categorization paradigm. Undergraduate students worked on a modified categorization task in which they learned an initial "misconception" category and later had to restructure their knowledge to acquire a different target category. Participants were able to learn both the misconception and the target category. The data are consistent with the conclusions that participants searched the relevant attribute space in parallel, that negative feedback had little effect, and that the supposedly rejected "misconception" was still affecting behavior at the end of target category training.


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